BONE GRAFTING AND ADVANCED TISSUE GRAFTING

Major & Minor Bone Grafting

WHAT IS BONE GRAFTING?

Over a period of time, the jaw bone associated with missing teeth atrophies and is reabsorbed. This often leaves a condition in which there is poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for the placement of dental implants. In these situations, most patients are not candidates for the  placement of dental implants.

With bone grafting we now have the opportunity to not only replace bone where it is missing, but we also have the ability to promote new bone growth in that location. This not only gives us the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, it also gives us a chance to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance.

MAJOR BONE GRAFTING

Bone grafting can repair implant sites with inadequate bone 

structure due to previous extractions,gum disease, or injuries. 

The bone is either obtained from a tissue bank or your own 

bone is taken from the jaw, hip or tibia (below the knee). 

Sinus bone grafts are also performed to replace bone in the posterior upper jaw. In addition, special membranes may be utilized that dissolve under the gum to protect the bone graft, as well as encourage bone regeneration. This is called guided bone 

regeneration.

Major bone grafts are typically performed to repair defects of

the jaws. These defects may arise as a result of traumatic 

injuries, tumor surgery, or congenital defects. Large defects 

are repaired using the patient’s own bone. This bone is 

harvested from a number of different areas depending on the 

size needed. The skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), and lateral 

knee (tibia), are common donor sites. 

These procedures are routiney performed in an operating 

room and require a hospital stay.

RELATED ARTICLES